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Stubbar frß Richard Dawkins
H÷f.: Richard Dawkins - ma­ur ßrsins 2006 hjß BBC.co.UK

Dawkins, Richard, 1941-

h÷fundur bˇkarinnar The GOD Delusion << sjß nßnar hÚr!
Boston * New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2007.
ISBN-13: 978-0-618-68000-9
Sjß hÚr kynningu ß vef Houghton Mifflin

Sjß einnig vefinn http://www.RichardDawkins.net

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Sřnishorn af stubbum Richard Dawkins Ý riti­ Free Inquiry
Enski textinn er tekinn af vefnum http://www.RichardDawkins.net
>> Texti Richard Dawson: Ůř­ing GËP:
Gal-
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Free
Inquiry

Vol. 18
Nr. 2

The Emptiness of Theology
by Richard Dawkins
from Free Inquiry magazine,
Volume 18, Number 2.

A dismally unctuous editorial in the British newspaper the Independent recently asked for a reconciliation between science and "theology." It remarked that "People want to know as much as possible about their origins." I certainly hope they do, but what on earth makes one think that theology has anything useful to say on the subject?

Science is responsible for the following knowledge about our origins.
  • We know approximately when the universe began and why it is largely hydrogen.
  • We know why stars form and what happens in their interiors to convert hydrogen to the other elements and hence give birth to chemistry in a world of physics.
  • We know the fundamental principles of how a world of chemistry can become biology through the arising of self-replicating molecules.
  • We know how the principle of self-replication gives rise, through Darwinian selection, to all life, including humans.

It is science and science alone that has given us this knowledge and given it, moreover, in fascinating, over-whelming, mutually confirming detail. On every one of these questions theology has held a view that has been conclusively proved wrong.

Science has

  • eradicated smallpox,
  • can immunize against most previously deadly viruses,
  • can kill most previously deadly bacteria.

Theology has done nothing but talk of pestilence as the wages of sin.

Science

  • can predict when a particular comet will reappear
  • and, to the second, when the next eclipse will appear.
  • Science has put men on the moon
  • and hurtled reconnaissance rockets around Saturn and Jupiter.
  • Science can tell you the age of a particular fossil
  • and that the Turin Shroud is a medieval fake.
  • Science knows the precise DNA instructions of several viruses
  • and will, in the lifetime of many present readers, do the same for the human genome.

What has theology ever said that is of the smallest use to anybody? When has theology ever said anything that is demonstrably true and is not obvious?

I have listened to theologians, read them, debated against them. I have never heard any of them ever say anything of the smallest use, anything that was not either platitudinously obvious or downright false.

If all the achievements of scientists were wiped out tomorrow, there would be

  •  no doctors but witch doctors,
  • no transport faster than horses,
  • no computers,
  • no printed books,
  • no agriculture beyond subsistence peasant farming.

 If all the achievements of theologians were wiped out tomorrow, would anyone notice the smallest difference?

Even the bad achievements of scientists, the bombs, and sonar-guided whaling vessels work!

The achievements of theologians don't do anything, don't affect anything, don't mean anything.

What makes anyone think that "theology" is a subject at all?

Galtˇm gu­frŠ­innar
eftir Richard Dawkins
fyrst birt Ý tÝmaritinu Free Inquiry,
Vol.18, nr. 2.

 Me­ ÷murlegri uppger­areinlŠgni er Ý ritstjˇrnargrein Ý breska bla­inu Independent be­i­ um sŠttir milli vÝsinda og "gu­frŠ­i". Teki­ er fram a­ "menn vilji vita eins miki­ og hŠgt er um uppruna sinn." Vissulega vona Úg a­ ■a­ sÚ rÚtt en hva­ Ý ˇsk÷punum getur gefi­ nokkrum manni ■ß hugmynd a­ Ý ■eim efnum geti gu­frŠ­i lagt eitthva­ af m÷rkum?

Ůa­ eru vÝsindin sem fŠrt hafa fram eftirfarandi ■ekkingu um uppruna okkar:

  • Vi­ vitum nokkurn veginn hvenŠr alheimurinn var­ til og hvers vegna hann er a­ mestu ger­ur ˙r vetni.
  • Vi­ vitum hvers vegna stj÷rnur ver­a til og hva­ fer fram Ý dj˙pum ■eirra sem breytir vetni Ý ÷nnur efni sem lei­ir til hinna margvÝslegu efnis■ßtta Ý hinni e­lisfrŠ­ilegu ver÷ld.
  • Vi­ ■ekkjum grunnl÷gmßl ■ess hvernig efnisheimurinn getur or­i­ lÝfrŠnn me­ tilur­ efniseinda sem framlei­a eigin eftirmyndir.
  • Vi­ vitum hvernig l÷gmßli­ um framlei­slu eigin eftirmynda ver­ur a­ upphafi alls lÝfs ß j÷r­unni, ■ar ß me­al okkar mannanna, me­ ■eim ˙rvalshŠtti sem Darwin benti ß.

VÝsindin - og einungis vÝsindin - hafa fŠrt okkur ■essa ■ekkingu og auk ■ess ˙tskřrt hana fyrir okkur Ý hrÝfandi, stˇrkostlegum og krosstengdum sta­festandi smßatri­um. ┴ ÷llum ■essum atri­um haf­i gu­frŠ­in sko­anir sem hafa veri­ afsanna­ar me­ ÷llu.

VÝsindin hafa

  • upprŠtt bˇlusˇtt,
  • gert ˇska­lega flesta ß­ur banvŠna vÝrusa,
  • drepi­ flestar ß­ur banvŠnar bakterÝur.

Gu­frŠ­in hefur hins vegar ekkert gert - nema tala­ um drepsˇttir og plßgur sem refsingar fyrir syndir. 

VÝsindin

  • geta sagt fyrir um hvenŠr hver tiltekin halastjarna birtist aftur
  • og sagt upp ß sek˙ndu hvenŠr nŠsti sˇlmyrkvi ver­ur.
  • VÝsindin hafa komi­ m÷nnum til tunglsins
  • og sent k÷nnunarflaugar umhverfis Sat˙rnus og J˙pÝter.
  • VÝsindin geta sagt til um aldur steingervinga
  • og vita a­ klŠ­i­ Ý Turin er brella frß mi­÷ldum.
  • VÝsindin ■ekkja nßkvŠmlega DNA-ger­ margra vÝrusa
  • og munu nß a­ ■ekkja DNA-ger­ mannsins ß lÝftÝma margra ■eirra sem n˙ lesa ■ennan texta.

Gu­frŠ­in, hva­ hefur h˙n nokkru sinni sagt sem or­i­ hefur til hins minnsta gagns fyrir nokkurn mann? HvenŠr hefur gu­frŠ­in sagt nokku­ sem hŠgt hefur veri­ a­ sřna a­ er rÚtt - ßn ■essa a­ vera fyrirfram hverjum manni augljˇst?

╔g hef hlusta­ ß gu­frŠ­inga, lesi­ verk ■eirra, r÷krŠtt vi­ ■ß. ╔g hef aldrei heyrt neinn ■eirra segja neitt nothŠft, ekkert sem ekki var anna­hvort fyrirfram dagljˇst - e­a einfaldlega rangt.

Ef allt sem vÝsindin hafa ßorka­ vŠri ■urrka­ ˙t vŠru

  • engir lŠknar - a­eins t÷fralŠknar,
  • engar samg÷ngur hra­virkari en hestar,
  • engar t÷lvur,
  • engar prenta­ar bŠkur,
  • enginn landb˙na­ur umfram sjßlfs■urftarb˙skap.

Ef allt ■a­ sem gu­frŠ­in hefur komi­ til lei­ar vŠri ■urrka­ ˙t - mundi nokkur ver­a var vi­ ■a­?

Jafnvel ■a­ sem vÝsindin hafa mi­ur gott gert - svo sem a­ smÝ­a sprengjur og sˇnartŠki fyrir hvalvei­ibßta - virkar!

Afrek gu­frŠ­innar gera ekkert, hafa ekki ßhrif ß neinn og eru til einskis.

Hvernig Ý ˇsk÷punum kemur m÷nnum til hugar a­ gera "gu­frŠ­i" a­ nßmsgrein vi­ hßskˇla?

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